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Why choose CBT Associates?

CBT Associates is a large, well-established and rapidly-growing network of clinics that provides evidence-based psychological services to children, adolescents, adults of all ages, and couples.

We are a highly-qualified group of over 50 psychologists and psychological associates who provide personalized, compassionate, respectful and discreet treatment with the highest level of professional care. We focus on leading-edge, evidence-based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

We are dedicated to excellence and hold each other to the highest possible standard of clinical care and client service. Our large group practice provides important advantages to our clients and associates – it enables us to engage in peer consultation, scrutiny and support to significantly enhance the quality of our clinical service. In addition, our size and structure offer a number of other advantages that promote excellence.

Three things really set us apart:

  1. Our large team of registered psychologists led by Dr. Eilenna Denisoff and Dr. Peter Farvolden maintain the highest standard of clinical care. We maintain the highest standards of training and supervision. Many of us are affiliated with teaching hospitals and universities. Visit www.cbtassociates.com/ourteam to learn more.
  2. Our scope. Our clinicians have deep and wide expertise in a range of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) as well as Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), which enable us to individualize our approach for a variety of problems. We will match you with an experienced clinical psychologist who has the training, knowledge and skills to focus on your unique needs.
  3. Our five locations across the Greater Toronto Area. You don’t need to come downtown to get help. We also provide secure online video-based treatment throughout Ontario.
What is the policy for cancelled or missed appointments?

To help us reliably meet the needs of all our clients, we must ask you to provide 24 hours’ notice when cancelling or rescheduling an appointment. Appointments without sufficient notice will be charged the full fee.

What is a psychologist?


  • Are registered healthcare professionals who are regulated like physicians, surgeons, and dentists.
  • Work with individuals, groups and organizations to promote positive change by assessing and treating psychological problems.
  • Are trained to assess problems accurately using psychological tests and semi-structured interviews. These scientifically validated techniques enable us to understand people’s problems and provide informed, evidence-based solutions.
  • Use psychological treatments (evidence-based talk therapy) to help people overcome their problems.


What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist?

Psychologists are closely aligned with psychiatrists as both are highly-trained professionals. Psychiatrists are oriented toward pharmaceutical solutions (some illnesses in fact lend themselves to medication versus talk therapy, such as severe depression or schizophrenia); while psychologists are oriented toward talk therapy as a solution.

Psychologists and psychiatrists both undertake about the same number of years of education and training. Some of their training is similar (e.g., regarding diagnosis) and some is quite different.

Psychologists have doctoral degrees in psychology and specialize in the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of human emotion, thought and behaviour. They have advanced training in psychotherapy and the science of behaviour change. Although they may be trained in understanding the use of medication to treat mental illness, in Ontario they are not as yet licensed to prescribe medications. Psychologists are the only professionals qualified to use certain kinds of psychological tests to assess intelligence as well as emotional and behavioural problems and neuropsychological dysfunction (that is, mental dysfunction arising from a physical cause).

Psychologists’ fees in Ontario are covered by private payment, extended medical plans, employee assistance programs, and/or government services and agencies or other special programs. They are licensed by the College of Psychologists of Ontario.

When you choose a psychologist, you can be assured that this professional has received extensive formal training and supervision in her or his area of expertise, will adhere to a strict code of ethics and professional standards, and is governed and regulated by the College of Psychologists.

Similar to your family physician, a psychiatrist has a degree in medicine. This degree is quite different than psychology degrees and also involves additional specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness. In Ontario, psychiatrists tend to focus on the biological aspects of mental health while psychologists tend to focus on the cognitive, emotional and behavioural. Psychiatrists are licensed by the Government to prescribe medication. The practice of most psychiatrists in Ontario is focused on prescribing medications and consulting with family physicians, psychologists and other health professionals. In fact, psychologists and psychiatrists often work closely together.

In Ontario, psychiatrists’ fees are covered by the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP). As with psychologists, you can be assured that psychiatrists have extensive formal training and supervision in their areas of expertise and will adhere to a strict code of ethics and professional standards. Psychiatrists are governed and regulated by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.

Psychologists and psychiatrists are regulated health professionals. Other mental and behavioural health professionals might not be regulated and might not be trained in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental health issues.

Source: The Ontario Psychological Association http://opajoomla.knowledge4you.ca/

What is the difference between a psychotherapist and a psychologist?

The first important difference between psychotherapists and psychologists is the number of years of education and training required to register by each college. The College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario requires members to complete any recognized training program in psychotherapy, with 450 hours of direct client contact, and 100 hours of clinical supervision. In contrast, to become a psychologist in Ontario the College of Psychologists requires:

  1. An undergraduate degree in psychology
  2. A masters degree in psychology
  3. Doctoral-level education and training equivalent to a PhD in Clinical Psychology or PsyD from a CPA or APA accredited program
  4. Completion of at least two 500-hour clinical practicum placements
  5. Completion of a year-long (1,500-hour) clinical residency; and
  6. Completion of a year-long period (1,500 hours) of supervised practice while registered with the College of Psychologists as a psychologist in supervised practice (CPsych, Supervised Practice).

In summary, on average, to register with the College of Psychologists of Ontario Psychologists need to have nine years of academic and supervised clinical training in assessment and treatment of mental health problems. In fact, Psychologists have more training in psychotherapy by far than any other regulated health professional.

The second important difference is that psychologists are able to perform the controlled act of communicating a diagnosis of mental illness whereas psychotherapists are not. This is an important difference because, before you can treat a problem effectively, you need to be able to identify it accurately through a rigorous assessment process, name the problem (i.e., to diagnose it) and then have a discussion about options for evidence-based treatment. If you want to speak to someone about a problem, you probably want a person who can assess and diagnose your problem accurately before beginning any psychotherapy.

While psychotherapists’ fees may be eligible for coverage by insurance companies and employee programs, they don’t have nearly the same training as psychologists and cannot diagnose problems.

Why choose a psychologist?

In Ontario, psychologists are regulated health professionals. We have more training in the assessment and psychological treatment of mental health problems than any other profession – at least nine years – before we join the College of Psychologists of Ontario. Unlike many other mental health professionals, psychologists can perform the controlled act of making an accurate diagnosis, which is essential to effective treatment for most problems.

Should I see a psychologist?

Although many people get professional help for personal problems, it can be hard to recognize when you or your loved ones need professional help and to know how to get started. Even if your problem is not overwhelming or a full-blown crisis, you may still benefit from psychological help. You may wish to talk to a psychologist to analyze and understand the problem, develop healthy strategies, and make the necessary changes.

Don’t wait until you are overwhelmed: Waiting may cause needless suffering and let a problem get worse over time.

As you can see by the partial list of reasons below, challenges at home, work or school can happen to anyone. If you, or someone you know, has experienced or is experiencing a problem on this list, please consider speaking with a psychologist soon.

  • Abuse or violence
  • A traumatic incident, such as a life-threatening accident
  • Overuse of alcohol, prescription medications, street drugs, or excessive gambling, that is impacting your life
  • Eating disorders (anorexia, bulimia, compulsive over-eating)
  • Frequent feelings of anxiety and/or depression, or suicidal thoughts.
  • Phobias (for example, fear of insects, going outside, talking to others, or certain foods)
  • Chronic pain and/or illness
  • A learning disability, or poor performance in school
  • Difficulty fully recovering from brain injury
  • Chronic illness or disability
  • A strong and persistent reaction to a tragic event such as the death of a loved one, a separation or divorce, the loss of a job, etc.
  • Difficulty getting along with your partner, family members, or co-workers
  • A major life change
  • Feelings of being overwhelmed or “burned-out” due to stress at home, work or both
  • Problems parenting your kids or helping a loved one suffering from dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.
  • The need for an assessment regarding child custody and/or access
  • The need for an assessment to support claims for personal injury

Source: The Ontario Psychological Association http://opajoomla.knowledge4you.ca/

Why should I see a regulated professional?

Psychologists are regulated health service providers, registered with the College of Psychologists of Ontario to practice psychology within the framework of the Regulated Health Professions Act (RHPA). The College is charged by the Government of Ontario with setting the standards psychologists must follow when providing services in the province. This regulation ensures the public receives high-quality services and is protected from unprofessional and unethical conduct. Only those registered by the College are allowed by law to call themselves psychologists or to offer psychological services.

Regulation protects the public by ensuring that psychologists:

  • Are well trained
  • Stay well trained through continuing education
  • Obey provincial laws, regulations and a code of ethics to ensure patients are safe and receive excellent services; and
  • Are answerable for consumer complaints to the College of Psychologists of Ontario.
  • Protect their personal information so it remains private. Read more about privacy

Unless they are licensed psychologists, people who call themselves counsellors or family therapists are not currently regulated health professionals covered by the Regulated Health Professions Act.

Source: The Ontario Psychological Association http://opajoomla.knowledge4you.ca/

Should my child see a psychologist?

Sometimes it’s hard to know when children or adolescents need professional help. Some people get help when family members are not getting along. Others seek help when they find it hard to manage or parent their children. Often adolescents request someone to speak to when they feel uncomfortable speaking with their parents about their problems or worries. You might also consult a psychologist if your child or adolescent is:

  • Having difficulties at school or learning difficulties
  • Developing differently or slower than others
  • Wetting the bed beyond the usual age
  • Behaving in a socially immature manner
  • Having difficulties in interactions with peers
  • Sleeping poorly
  • Overly active or having difficulty paying attention
  • Aggressive and destructive behaviour
  • Lying or stealing
  • Anxious or depressed
  • Having difficulty with drugs or alcohol
  • Poor eating habits or showing signs of an eating disorder; or
  • Adjusting poorly to change such as a move, divorce, or separation
How would a psychologist help?


  • Usually, a psychologist will talk to parents to help them identify and clarify their concerns about their child. Often, the child will be included in this initial session; the psychologist will let you know if this is best. Adolescents can usually choose to speak to a psychologist alone or with their parents for part of a session, depending on their abilities and comfort level. A structured psychological assessment, often with measures (or questionnaires) provide the psychologist with helpful information about the child for treatment planning. As part of an assessment, the psychologist may also want to collect information from teachers, primary care providers or other health care specialists that know your child. They will only do this with your permission.
  • Over the course of treatment, a psychologist may see the child alone, parents alone or parents and children together. Some treatments may involve the whole family. Throughout the process, child or adolescents and their caregivers are involved in reviewing goals and outcomes of therapy.

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