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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a group of problems that share some core features, including difficulties with social interaction, language, communication, and the presence of restrictive or repetitive patterns of behaviour. Once thought to be quite rare, ASD is now recognized to affect approximately one percent of the population. Autism symptoms can vary widely in severity. People with more severe autism can have profound impairment in intellectual and language functioning.

People with ASD can be intelligent and successful. However, they often struggle with and are frustrated in their interactions with others due to problems with:

  • Delayed development of motor skills;
  • Social communication skills;
  • Social problem-solving skills;
  • Lack of understanding of abstract meaning in language such as humour, or taking perspective;
  • Obsessiveness; and
  • Sensitivity to sounds, light, or textures.

People with ASD experience difficulties and stress because they lack a number of important skills. Fortunately, skills are teachable and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can help people to learn:

  • The unspoken rules of social situations and interactions;
  • Communication skills;
  • How to get and stay organized;
  • How to manage their stress and mood;
  • To build stronger and more satisfying relationships; and
  • To live a more full life with or without other people.

The symptoms of ASD often occur along with other problems. A proper and thorough differential diagnostic assessment by a psychiatrist or psychologist is the first step towards effective help.

Why choose CBT Associates?

CBT Associates is a large, well-established and rapidly-growing network of clinics that provides evidence-based psychological services to children, adolescents, adults of all ages, and couples.

We are a highly-qualified group of over 50 psychologists and psychological associates who provide personalized, compassionate, respectful and discreet treatment with the highest level of... Read More

What is the policy for cancelled or missed appointments?

To help us reliably meet the needs of all our clients, we must ask you to provide 24 hours’ notice when cancelling or rescheduling an appointment. Appointments without sufficient notice will be charged the full fee.

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What is a psychologist?


  • Are registered healthcare professionals who are regulated like physicians, surgeons, and dentists.
  • Work with individuals, groups and organizations to promote positive change by assessing and treating psychological problems.
  • Are trained to assess problems accurately using psychological tests and semi-structured interviews.... Read More
What is the difference between a psychologist and a psychiatrist?

Psychologists are closely aligned with psychiatrists as both are highly-trained professionals. Psychiatrists are oriented toward pharmaceutical solutions (some illnesses in fact lend themselves to medication versus talk therapy, such as severe depression or schizophrenia); while psychologists are oriented toward talk therapy as a solution.

Psychologists and psychiatrists both undertake... Read More

What is the difference between a psychotherapist and a psychologist?

The first important difference between psychotherapists and psychologists is the number of years of education and training required to register by each college. The College of Registered Psychotherapists of Ontario requires members to complete any recognized training program in psychotherapy, with 450 hours of direct client contact, and 100 hours of clinical supervision. In contrast, to... Read More

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